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28/03/2015

常時2名体制

Germanwingsの事故を受けてコックピット常時2名体制の議論がなされている。
本当はFE(Flight Engineer)がいたころのように運転手3名体制を採ればよいのだろうが,昨今の世界的な運転手不足の環境下では非現実的。
ということは客室乗務員が,その替わりをするということ。
それでも陥穽はある。


客室乗務員には法定の最小数がある。簡単にいうと座席数割る50で切り上げ。
だから国内線では100席とか150席といったコンフィグレーションが多い。
国際線は「飯盛業務」等あるので,これに何人か追加している(例えばビジネスクラスでは10席強に1人の飯盛人が乗務している。)のだが,問題は国内線。
LCCを含め通常国内線には法定最小人数しか乗務していない。
法定最小人数は,緊急避難(90秒以内に終了させなければならない。)のための必要要員なのだが,1人がコックピットに入ればキャビンでは最小人数を割ることになる。


最もCriticalな状況は,運転手1人が"incapa"に陥った場合,エマージェンシーになるので客室は緊急避難体制を取る必要がある。
従って客室乗務員を利用して常時2名体制を取ろうとすれば客室乗務員を1名増員しなければならないことになるが,これは(いくら給料において運転手>>>CAであろうと)航空会社(特にLCC)の経営に重大なインパクトを与える。
多くの米系航空会社では既に採用されていて,欧州系航空会社も採用を始めている常時2名体制について国内航空会社の腰が重い理由は,そこにある。


それにしても今回のケースの「元祖」についてマスコミがあまり触れないのは摩訶不可思議。
(人権問題を考えればpolitically correctではあるかもしれない。)

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